In a country like Tanzania where up to 50 per cent of the population lacks access to safe drinking water and 84 per cent do not have access to toilet facilities that can be kept clean (JMP-UNICEF), innovations that can improve poor hygiene and help reduce preventable WASH-related diseases such as diarrhoea are much in demand.

To address the poor sanitary conditions in the country, the Government of Tanzania embarked on a National Sanitation Campaign (NSC) under the Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP) in 2011. The campaign aims to improve rural households with adequate water and sanitation facilities by combining the Community- Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with behaviour change communication, as well as providing schools with improved access to clean water and toilets.  While applying the CLTS approach to their WASHrelated projects in Mbeya Region, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) learned that the demand for latrines far outstripped their availability and the ‘youth sanitation entrepreneurs’ (YSE) they trained to build them lacked the business acumen and finance needed to develop their businesses.

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